|Blue Jay Peanut kernels, black-stripe, gray-stripe, and oil-type sunflower seeds.|
|Brown-Headed Cowbird White proso, red proso, German millet, and canary seed.|
|Cardinal Sunflower seeds of all types. Some Will Eat Suet in Winter.|
|Chickadees Oil-type and black-striped sunflower seeds, peanut kernels. Suet in freezing temperatures.|
|Dark-Eyed Junco Red proso, white proso millet, canary seed, and fine-cracked corn.|
|Common Grackle Hulled sunflower seeds and cracked corn.|
|Evening Grosbeak Sunflower seeds and cracked corn.|
|House Finch In Maryland, oil-type and black-striped sunflower seeds, sunflower kernels and pieces, and niger. In California, white prove millet and flax also readily taken|
|House Sparrow White proso millet, canary seed, and German ("golden") millet.|
|Mourning Dove Oil-type sunflower seeds, white prove millet, niger, and German ("golden") millet.|
|Purple Finch Sunflower seeds and kernels.|
|Starling Peanut hearts and hulled oats.|
|Song Sparrow White and red prove millet.|
|Tufted Titmouse Peanut kernels, black-striped and oil-type sunflower seeds.|
|WhiteCrowned Sparrow Oil-type sunflower seed, sunflower kernels and pieces, white and red prove millet, peanut kernels and hearts, niger seed.|
|White Throated Sparrow Oil and black-striped sunflower seeds, sunflower kernels and pieces, white and red prove millet, and peanut kernels.|
|Woodpeckers Snflower Seeds, Cracked Corn, Shelled Peanuts, Sunflower Kernels, Tree Nut Pieces, Suet in freezing weather|
|Nuthatches Sunflower seeds, peanuts|
|American Goldfinch Hulled sunflower seeds, niger seeds, and oil-type sunflower seeds.|
Hummingbird Nectar Recipe
Nectar should be provided in a ratio of 4 parts water to 1 part sugar. Do not add food color
Heat the solution for 1-2 minutes to help the sugar dissolve and slow fermentation
Allow the solution to cool completely before filling feeders
Make sure to clean the Hummingbird Feeder at least once a week.
Hummingbird Nectar can be stored in the refridgerator for up to one week.
Do not use honey, brown sugar, molasses or artificial sugar substitutes for any hummingbird nectar recipe. Honey and molasses are too heavy for hummingbirds to digest efficiently and can ferment more quickly, creating a mold that is fatal to hummingbirds. Sugar substitutes do not have the caloric energy that hummingbirds need for energy.
How to Render Suet:
You can trim excess fat off beef cuts and store in the freezer until enough fat is achieved or you can purchase beef fat from the grocery store or your nearby butcher.
Grind the beef fat with a meat grinder or finely chop the fat.
Heat the fat over a low to medium flame until its liquefied.
Strain by pouring melted suet through a fine cheesecloth.
Let cool to harden.
Repeat steps 2-3. If the fat is not rendered twice, the suet will not cake properly.
Let cool to harden and store in a covered container in the freezer.
You can also buy suet at your local meat market.
Links to more information about wild bird feeding